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Sierra Care 2013 Christmas Outreach in Bo, Sierra Leone, West Africa
Sierra Care 2013 Christmas Outreach in Freetown, Sierra Leone, West Africa
Sierra Care 2013 Christmas Outreach in Kailahun, Sierra Leone, West Africa
Sierra Care 2013 Christmas Outreach in Kenema, Sierra Leone, West Africa
Sierra Care 2013 Christmas Outreach in Makeni, Sierra Leone, West Africa
Sierra Care 2013 Christmas Outreach in Port Loko, Sierra Leone, West Africa
Sierra Care 2013 Christmas Outreach in Bo, Sierra Leone, West Africa
Sierra Care 2013 Christmas Outreach in Freetown, Sierra Leone, West Africa

History of Sierra Leone

Sierra Lyoa ( lion Mountains) originally named by the Portuguese voyagers. During the 15Th century, the British changed the name to Sierra Leone. European businessmen settled by the Atlantic ocean of present-day Freetown to be protected by the African rulers, who supported them largely for the food they brought with them in-exchanged for Ivory and slaves.

As the American Revolution (1775 – 1783 ) was evolving, Africans reached a deal with their new British friends i.e freedom was promised if they sided with them and most of them did.

In 1787, some freed slaves from England arrived in Sierra Leone near the Sierra Leone Peninsula, the local temne leaders sold acres of land to them and the Province of freedom was established near present-day Freetown.

1792, John Clarkson, RN — the baby-brother of the abolitionist Thomas Clarkson landed on the Sierra Leone Peninsular with eleven hundred freed slaves —this second attempt was the official discovery of Freetown. The new settlers of Freetown were English speaking and many were educated and Christians. The Sierra Leone Company was established and became the ruling council with farming as its source of livelihood.

In 1807, Great Britain stopped the slave-trade. In 1808, the British government took over Freetown from the financially troubled Sierra Leone Company and used it as a naval base for fighting slave trafficking. As many liberated Africans settled in Freetown, Protestant Missionaries became active.

In 1827, Fourah Bay College was founded and became the training center for Sierra Leoneans who later served as missionaries, traders and civil servants.

In 1896, a hut tax was imposed to pay for administrative costs. Bai Bureh – a temne from the north led a protest, supported by a southerner Kai Londo – a mende. The uprisings started on April 27th 1896 and lasted for two years.

In 1951, a Constitution was adopted and elections were held, the Protectorate–based Sierra Leone Peoples Party (SLPP), led by Sir Milton Augustus Margai– a mende won.

April 27th 1961, Sir Milton led Sierra Leone to independence from the British rule and became the first Prime Minister. In 1964, Sir Albert Margai succeeded as prime minister after Sir Milton died.

March 1967, a contested general elections were held, Siaka Probyn Stevens emerged as the new Prime Minister of Sierra Leone and candidate of the All People’s Congress ( APC ). Brigadier David Lansana ousted Prime Minister Stevens few hours after he took office.

March 23th 1968, military officers led by Brigadier Andrew Juxon-Smith seized control of the government and suspended the constitution. Brigadier Smith been the leader identified themselves as the National Reformation Council ( NRC ).

April 1968, junior military officers identified themselves as Anti-Corruption Revolutionary Movement (ACRM) led by Brigadier John Amadu Bangura overthrown the NRC, returned the country to parliamentary government and reinstated Siaka Stevens as prime minister.

April 19 1971, parliament declared Sierra Leone to be a republic, Siaka Probyn Stevens then prime minister became the first President. October 1st 1985 President Stevens retired and hand-picked Major General Joseph Saidu Momoh through a one-party referendum.

April 29th 1992, young military officers led by Captain Valentine Strasser organized a coup that sent President Momoh in to exile in Guinea and called themselves the National Provisional Ruling Council (NPRC).

January 1996, Defence Minister Brigadier Julius Maada Bio led a palace coup that ousted Captain Strasser. General Elections were conducted, Ahmed Tejan Kabbah emerged victorious

May 25th 1997, a group of military officers led by Major General Johnny Paul Koroma overthrew President Kabbah and formed the Armed Forces Revolutionary Council (AFRC).

March 10th 1998, the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) clashed with AFRC and rebels, pushed the rebels to the jungles and ousted the AFRC military government and reinstated the government of President Ahmed Kabbah.

May 2002, general elections were conducted, President Kabbah was re-elected and his party won majority of the parliamentary seats.


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